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Abilities that transcend or exceed expectations of talent and knowledge. Meta is a Greek and Latin prefix denoting higher order, and people who use metaskills make conscious efforts to regulate their behavior, to integrate their aptitudes, and to set and attain goals.

The psychologist Paul Karoly, writing in 1993, used the term metaskills for what he also called human “computational superstructures,” such as memory, forethought, volition, self-regulation, the capacity to learn vicariously, and competency with spoken and written language. Karoly (1993) pointed to a metaskill identified (though not termed as such) by the philosopher William James: the setting and achieving of goals that evidences a remarkable human ability to bridge the present with the future.

Metaskills are perceived to be valuable in effecting societal changes. Cindy Gallois, ...

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