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A written plan for a student who receives special education and related services in a public school. A requirement of the 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), IEPs are created through the collaboration of a combination of parents, teachers, other school staff, transition services agency staff, and the student. IEPs must contain certain elements, including current performance; annual goals; special education and related services; participation with nondisabled children; participation in statewide and districtwide tests, dates, and places; transition service needs; needed transition services; age of majority; and measurement of progress. For more information, see U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (2000).

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