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Individualism (Political Science)
The political, moral, or social outlook that holds the individual as the primary unit of interest in a society. It views the individual as over and above the collectivity. Society is thus viewed as a collection of individuals. Individualism promotes a movement away from the mass, with the smaller circle of family and friends taking priority, ultimately leaving society at large on its own. As such, individuals are responsible for making their own choices consciously and accepting accountability for their decisions and behaviors. Individualism promotes the goals and desires of individuals.
The term individualism first appeared after the French Revolution in 1789. The French writer Joseph de Maistre used this term to describe his dissatisfaction with the revolution's dissolution of traditional social bonds, caused by political ...