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The entrance of people into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. While the term immigration has existed throughout history, modern immigration describes, specifically, long-term, legal, and permanent residence. Immigration is a significant historical as well as present and continual influence on society and an essential part of how nations continue to grow and diversify. However, immigration is often highly politicized and, in most countries, a major controversial political issue.

The motives for immigration are often economic or educational, although persecution, religious or political, may be a significant reason. Additionally, immigration can occur for personal reasons, based on a relationship, such as a family reunification or a transnational marriage.

Immigration can have positive and negative impacts on both the recipient country and the original ...

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