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The killing of a human being. It may be intentional or unintentional and is not always criminal. A judicially authorized execution is an intentional homicide that is not criminal, as is the killing of an enemy soldier during war. Homicides can be broadly grouped into two categories: (1) nonnegligent homicides [Page 236]and (2) negligent homicides. Nonnegligent homicide involves the purposeful, knowing, or willful, killing of another human being. Negligent homicide occurs when a person kills another human being in his or her care through inaction. Generally a pattern of negligence is required for a criminal charge of negligent homicide.