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An instructional design approach for identifying an instructional problem and defining an intervention. Such an analysis is typically based on accurate input from experts who know the instructional problem and learners. It can also use the data from a needs assessment to prioritize a need for determining instructional goals. Six steps are usually followed to conduct a goal analysis: (1) identify an aim, (2) set goals, (3) refine goals, (4) rank goals, (5) refine goals again, and (6) make a final ranking.