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Geomorphologists examine the processes that produce the earth's various land formations. Some of the land formations examined in geomorphology include mountains, volcanoes, and valleys. Known as the Father of Geomorphology, William Morris Davis pioneered the study and classification of the earth's land masses in the 19th century. By the 20th century, geomorphology had progressed to include not only the description of processes that shape land formations but also the ongoing processes that shape the earth's structures. The progression marked a more quantitative approach to this science, as geomorphology can be used for predictive as well as descriptive purposes. For instance, geomorphologists can predict the effects of climate change and other extreme conditions on the earth's surface. Although physical processes such as weathering and erosion help ...