• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance.Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is a must-have reference resource.Key FeaturesProvides highly readable summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics, helpful for students trying to get a "big picture" sense of the fieldIncludes introductions to relevant theory as well as empirical evidence, useful ...

Aggregate Expenditures Model and Equilibrium Output
Aggregate expenditures model and equilibrium output

Aggregate expenditures (AE), the total spending in an economy on final goods and services over a designated time period, is the core demand-side concept in modern macroeconomics (a final good is a newly produced good bought by a user who will “finally” dispose of that good by using up its services). Following the lead of John Maynard Keynes in his General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936/1965) and early Keynesians such as Alvin Hansen (1953) and Paul A. Samuelson (1939), AE is typically broken down by major type of purchaser into consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government expenditures, and the sum of exports less imports (known as net exports). The study of these categories in ...

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