Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 99: Human Ecology
While researching for this entry on human ecology, the author perused books and articles about ecology, biology, geography, and anthropology; human ecology uses all these disciplines, and more, toward its own end. Human ecology refuses to condense its focus into one approach; it investigates many approaches to a problem. This investigation method involves all the above mentioned disciplines. However, because its focus is so broad, no one agrees on a concrete definition of human ecology. In an attempt to reveal its definition, this article describes theories, research, and case studies in this field.
What happens when the two words composing human ecology are defined separately and then combined? A common definition for human is “a bipedal primate mammal (Homo sapiens): man” (Mish, 2004). ...