Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 92: Computers and Anthropology
Computers and Anthropology
Human beings are toolmakers. The history of their civilization is strongly influenced by technological innovations that, to an ever-greater extent, make the use of matter and energy for human purposes possible. From the building of huts and the making of a fire to the construction of skyscrapers and the fusion of nuclei, all cultures have been transforming the resources of nature to reproduce and improve the basis of their own survival. Besides matter and energy, there exists another source of supply that has been exploited technologically since time immemorial-information. Whoever used, for the first time, a sharp edge to leave a durable mark that could express excitement, appeal to demons, or represent a bagged animal, stood at the beginning of ...