Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 74: Social Relationships
This chapter describes the importance of support systems such as family, friends, communities, and religious groups. Such support systems form the core of an individual's social network. Anthropologists are interested in these relationships and how information flows through networks. Along with this, we will describe the history and major current uses of social network analysis (SNA) in anthropological research, as well as introduce common barriers to the effective use of SNA. These obstacles include ethical and power issues that come into play with some forms of SNA research. We conclude with a discussion of diverse anthropological case studies that used SNA methodology, pulling from the diverse contexts of nonprofit organizations, business, early childhood development, medical anthropology, and even primatology.
Social relationships form between ...