Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents. 



Bands of Paleo-Eskimos migrated into the New World near the conclusion of the Beringia, or Land Bridge era; it is inconclusive, though, whether they traveled by land or water. Initial theories of origin suggested derivation from areas such as Mongolia, Japan, and Korea to circumscribe on a more generic area of Asia. The evolution from “Paleo-Eskimo” into Inuit occurred after arriving at the tip of the northeastern Siberian area around 8000 BCE. It was once believed that the Inuit migration initiated from the west end of the volcanic Aleutian Islands, progressed eastward toward the Alaska mainland, and then continued northerly; fieldwork reveals that the ancient encampments appear increasingly antiquated on the islands closest to the Alaska mainland and less aged on each successive island. ...

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