Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 66: Australian Aborigines
The native people of Australia are commonly called Aborigines, a much discussed term that comes from the Latin expression ab origine whose meaning is “from the beginning.” Even though nowadays this definition is mostly accepted, many members of the local populations dislike it as they perceive it as synonymous with oppression and as a stereotyped and discriminating way of distinguishing them from others. For this reason, they usually prefer to call each other by using hundreds of local expressions, such as alaua, nmat-jera, or tagoman, which are some of the names used in the Northern Territory, or gingai, gringai, wiljagali, or illawarra used in the New South Wales state. These terms generally mean “person.”
In the linguistic anthropology field, the identification issue ...