Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 61: Primate Taxonomy
Primate taxonomy contributes to the science of anthropology by providing an evolutionary framework for the biological and cultural origins of human behavior. But taxonomy involves methods and principles that are not always readily accessible to the anthropologist who may depend upon the results of taxonomic research to interpret the evolution of human behavior. This juxtaposition of disciplines is particularly challenging for the anthropologist when taxonomic research either fails to provide a resolved classification for humans or other primate groups, or it requires the reevaluation and even falsification of long established units of classification. These taxonomic challenges are relevant to anthropological interpretation because the units of taxonomic classification are arranged to reflect hypotheses about evolutionary relationships. With these practical and conceptual challenges in ...