Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 33: Paleopathology and Anthropology
Paleopathology and Anthropology
Paleopathology, an application of biological anthropology, offers us an interesting perspective into the lives of the ancients. When skeletal remains are all that are left from many ancient civilizations, paleopathologists rely on strict skeletal analysis to offer insight into ancient civilizations. Combining scientific inquiry with educated reasoning can give anthropologists an idea of the daily activities of individuals; their diet, health, and environment; and even more, specifically, the cause of death of each individual. This can offer anthropologists insight not only into the prevalence and evolution of a disease in a past civilization but also into what trends to expect from the same or similar diseases today. While paleopathology can focus on more recent cases from a forensic anthropological standpoint, ...