Promoting democracy has developed into a common activity performed by a variety of actors in the post‐cold war world. While it is states and international institutions that receive most of the attention devoted to this increasingly important issue‐area, other non‐state actors also engage in democracy promotion. This article examines the activities of two such actors: political foundations ‐ quasi‐governmental organizations established in a number of advanced states ‐ and think‐tanks ‐ private institutions traditionally engaged in research and policy advocacy. It argues that the role and impact of these actors deepen the transnationalization of democracy promotion, which has important consequences for the international politics of democratization and international relations more generally.

Transnationalizing Democracy Promotion: The Role of Western Political Foundations and Think-Tanks’, JamesM.ScottDemocratization, 6 (3) (1999): 146–170. Published by Frank Cass, London. Reprinted by permission of Taylor & Francis Ltd,
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