Through a detailed comparison of two contrasting case studies Chile and South Africa this article explores two questions that are key to furthering our understanding of how politics and policies are gendered in third-wave transitions to democracy. First, why was it that some of the most active womens movements were unable to translate the importance of their pre-transition activism into greater gains in the post-transition period? Second, what are the possible explanations for the differences in gendered outcomes in different contexts and what factors account for these variations? Through detailed empirical analysis, this article shows the ways in which womens political activism can, under certain conditions, interact with political institutions to produce gender-positive policy outcomes, for example in the areas of gender quotas and domestic violence legislation.

Gendering Politics and Policy in Transitions to Democracy: Chile and South Africa’, GeorginaWaylenPolicy & Politics, 38 (3) (2010): 337–352. © The Policy Press, 2010. Reproduced by permission of The Policy Press.
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