In some countries, democratic competition is undermined less by electoral fraud or repression than by a skewed playing field—unequal access to state institutions, resources, and the media.

Why Democracy Needs a Level Playing Field’, StevenLevitsky and LucanA.WayJournal of Democracy, 21 (1) (2010): 57–68. © 2010 National Endowment for Democracy and The Johns Hopkins University Press. Reprinted with permission of The Johns Hopkins University Press.
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