Youth Justice in America, Second Edition engages students in an exciting, informed discussion of the U.S. juvenile justice system and fills a pressing need to make legal issues personally meaningful to young people. Written in a straightforward style, the book addresses tough, important issues that directly affect today’s youth, including the rights of accused juveniles, search and seizure, self-incrimination and confession, right to appeal, and the death penalty for juveniles. Focusing on cases that relate to the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, the subject matter comes alive through a wide variety of in-book learning aids.
Chapter 6: School Searches
In the ideal school, teachers and administrators never search students and students never give their schools any reason to suspect them of wrongdoing. The focus is purely on teaching and learning.
But American schools are not utopian intellectual communes. While it may take a village to raise a child, as the African proverb made famous by Hillary Rodham Clinton goes, it takes just a few children to raise hell in a school. And many schools today are beset by serious violence, disorder, drug dealing, and crime.
So what are the rules governing official school searches of students and their belongings for drugs, weapons, and other harmful things?
On the one hand, some people defending student rights think that school authorities should be forced to ...