The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, Second Edition is a practical introduction to the specific tools, techniques, and processes used to create policy in the executive branch of the U.S. government. George E. Shambaugh, IV and Paul Weinstein, Jr. explain how government officials develop policy, manage the policymaking process, and communicate those policies to stakeholders and the public at large. The authors draw on both their academic and government experience to provide real-world advice on writing policy decision memos, preparing polling questions, and navigating the clearance process. An abundance of case studies show how actual policies are developed and how and why policies and processes differ across administrations. Finally, practice scenarios allow students to apply the tools and techniques they have learned by working through both domestic and foreign policy situations.

Security Policymaking II: The Surge and Iraq War Under George W. Bush

Security Policymaking II: The Surge and Iraq War Under George W. Bush

Changing Policy

On January 10, 2007, President George W. Bush addressed the nation from the Oval Office and made a striking announcement: the United States would soon deploy more than 20,000 additional troops to the ongoing war in Iraq. This policy, called “The New Way Forward,” later became known as “The Surge.”1 As noted in the previous chapters, President George W. Bush prided himself on taking action that challenged public opinion. In making this decision, he did precisely that. The public was war weary and unhappy with the way that the president was handling his job. Recent Gallup polls indicated that 82 ...

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