The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, Second Edition is a practical introduction to the specific tools, techniques, and processes used to create policy in the executive branch of the U.S. government. George E. Shambaugh, IV and Paul Weinstein, Jr. explain how government officials develop policy, manage the policymaking process, and communicate those policies to stakeholders and the public at large. The authors draw on both their academic and government experience to provide real-world advice on writing policy decision memos, preparing polling questions, and navigating the clearance process. An abundance of case studies show how actual policies are developed and how and why policies and processes differ across administrations. Finally, practice scenarios allow students to apply the tools and techniques they have learned by working through both domestic and foreign policy situations.

Social Policymaking: Welfare Reform During the Clinton Administration

Social Policymaking: Welfare Reform During the Clinton Administration

Welfare Reform and the Political Process

In the previous chapters, you learned about some of the primary tools, techniques, and processes used by policymakers in the executive branch of the U.S. government. This chapter and those that follow will present case studies that show how these tools, techniques, and processes are used in the real life policymaking process. This chapter explains how the tools, techniques, and processes were utilized by members of the Clinton administration to transform welfare reform from a campaign slogan to a fully developed policy proposal and eventually a law.

On August 22, 1996, President Clinton fulfilled his campaign promise to “end welfare as we know it,” by signing ...

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