The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, Second Edition is a practical introduction to the specific tools, techniques, and processes used to create policy in the executive branch of the U.S. government. George E. Shambaugh, IV and Paul Weinstein, Jr. explain how government officials develop policy, manage the policymaking process, and communicate those policies to stakeholders and the public at large. The authors draw on both their academic and government experience to provide real-world advice on writing policy decision memos, preparing polling questions, and navigating the clearance process. An abundance of case studies show how actual policies are developed and how and why policies and processes differ across administrations. Finally, practice scenarios allow students to apply the tools and techniques they have learned by working through both domestic and foreign policy situations.

The State of the Union and the Budget Process

The State of the Union and the Budget Process

Timing Your Swing: Understanding Internal Workflows in the Executive Branch

Imagine you are a major league baseball player who has just struck out to lose the World Series. As you are walking back to the dugout, a teammate who had been watching the game from the bullpen informs you that he has figured out that the opposing team’s pitcher telegraphs his pitches. You look at your teammate in disbelief and finally mutter the words, “Wish you had said something sooner.”

As the scenario above underscores, information and ideas are only useful if shared at the appropriate juncture. The axiom “timing is everything” applies to policymakers and baseball players alike.

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