The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, Second Edition is a practical introduction to the specific tools, techniques, and processes used to create policy in the executive branch of the U.S. government. George E. Shambaugh, IV and Paul Weinstein, Jr. explain how government officials develop policy, manage the policymaking process, and communicate those policies to stakeholders and the public at large. The authors draw on both their academic and government experience to provide real-world advice on writing policy decision memos, preparing polling questions, and navigating the clearance process. An abundance of case studies show how actual policies are developed and how and why policies and processes differ across administrations. Finally, practice scenarios allow students to apply the tools and techniques they have learned by working through both domestic and foreign policy situations.
Chapter 5: Policy Management
Policy Management and Procedural Legitimacy
The way in which the president (or for that matter a governor, mayor, or county executive) organizes and manages an executive branch may have significant implications for the level of procedural legitimacy granted to the policymaking process and, hence, the level of support that a policy proposal is likely to receive. One of the primary lessons learned from the policymaking experiences of the George H. W. Bush, William J. Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack H. Obama administrations is that stakeholders in the federal executive branch are more likely to consider the process to be legitimate when it is well managed and well led. In particular, leadership is enhanced when the policymaking process helps promote the president’s ...