How have African Americans voted over time? What types of candidates and issues have been effective in drawing people to vote? These are just two of the questions that The African American Electorate: A Statistical History attempts to answer by bringing together all of the extant, fugitive, and recently discovered registration data on African American voters from Colonial America to the present. This pioneering work also traces the history of the laws dealing with enfranchisement and disenfranchisement of African Americans and provides the election return data for African American candidates in national and subnational elections over this same time span. Combining insightful narrative, tabular data, and original maps, The African American Electorate offers students and researchers the opportunity, for the first time, to explore the relationship between voters and political candidates, identify critical variables, and situate African Americans’ voting behavior and political phenomena in the context of America’s political history.

Chapter 19: African American Voters and Electoral Empowerment in the North, 1876–1944: A Mobilizer of the Re-enfranchisement Drive in the South

Chapter 19: African American voters and electoral empowerment in the north, 1876–1944: A mobilizer of the re-enfranchisement drive in the south

Passage and eventual ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment on February 3, 1870, secured its goal, as stated by historian William Gillette: “The primary object of the Amendment was to get the Negro vote in the North, not, ...

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