The Supreme Court Compendium provides historical and statistical information on the Supreme Court: its institutional development; caseload; decision trends; the background, nomination, and voting behavior of its justices; its relationship with public, governmental, and other judicial bodies; and its impact. With over 180 tables and figures, this new edition is intended to capture the full retrospective picture through the 2013-2014 term of the Roberts Court and the momentous decisions handed down within the last four years, including United States v. Windsor, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, and Shelby County v. Holder.
Chapter 7: The Supreme Court: Its Political and Legal Environments
In the preceding chapters, we present data on the internal processes and behavior of the Supreme Court and its members. Here, we consider the relationship between the Court and its political and legal environments. In the first part of the chapter we look at the actors that make up the Court’s political environment—Congress, the executive branch, state governments, and interest groups. Each interacts with the judiciary in a distinctive fashion that is oftentimes bounded by tradition or even constitutional mandate. Consider Congress, which is the focus of Tables 7-1 through 7-6. At least four points of interaction exist between Congress and the Court. First, Congress can propose amendments designed ...