The Supreme Court Compendium provides historical and statistical information on the Supreme Court: its institutional development; caseload; decision trends; the background, nomination, and voting behavior of its justices; its relationship with public, governmental, and other judicial bodies; and its impact. With over 180 tables and figures, this new edition is intended to capture the full retrospective picture through the 2013-2014 term of the Roberts Court and the momentous decisions handed down within the last four years, including United States v. Windsor, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, and Shelby County v. Holder.

The Justices: Backgrounds, Nominations, and Confirmations
The Justices: Backgrounds, Nominations, and Confirmations

From its inception through the 2020 term, 115 individuals have served on the United States Supreme Court. Their names and dates of service are listed in Table 4-1. These men and women have participated in crucial legal and political decisions that have shaped the powers of our government and determined our personal rights. Yet little is known about at least some of them. In this chapter we shed some light on the individuals who have sat on the highest bench of the land.

We first take a look at what kinds of people have been tapped for Supreme Court service. Tables 4-2 through 4-11 present personal and background information on the justices. The data ...

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