• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

State Rankings features comprehensive state statistics across key measures in education, health, crime, transportation, taxes, government finance, and so much more. The editors compile useful statistics that otherwise take an enormous amount of time to research, making it a favorite resource on reference shelves throughout the United States and around the world. Overall state rankings are provided as well as a complete list of all sources used to compile the tables. The rankings have been updated using specific methodology explained in the introduction with the most current available data at publication. Explanatory notes on the source and data are also included to provide context to each statistical table. State Rankings compares every state and Washington, D.C. in the following areas:  • Agriculture  • Population  • Economy  • Environment  • Government finance  • Crime  • Education  • Geography  • Social welfare  • Defense

Employment and Labor
Employment and Labor
Average Annual Pay in 2018
National Average = $57,266*

ALPHA ORDER

RANK ORDER

RANK

STATE

ANNUAL PAY

RANK

STATE

ANNUAL PAY

37

Alabama

$47,414

1

New York

$72,900

15

Alaska

55,668

2

Massachusetts

72,606

22

Arizona

51,865

3

California

68,478

46

Arkansas

43,950

4

Connecticut

67,742

3

California

68,478

5

Washington

66,119

9

Colorado

58,941

6

New Jersey

65,727

4

Connecticut

67,742

7

Maryland

61,151

13

Delaware

56,814

8

Illinois

59,941

27

Florida

50,094

9

Colorado

58,941

19

Georgia

53,496

10

Virginia

58,239

23

Hawaii

50,977

11

Minnesota

58,007

49

Idaho

42,882

12

Texas

57,747

8

Illinois

59,941

13

Delaware

56,814

35

Indiana

47,590

14

New Hampshire

56,782

36

Iowa

47,511

15

Alaska

55,668

39

Kansas

46,607

16

Pennsylvania

55,628

40

Kentucky

46,302

17

Michigan

53,803

32

Louisiana

48,116

18

Rhode Island

53,736

43

Maine

45,370

19

Georgia

53,496

7

Maryland

61,151

20

Oregon

53,053

2

Massachusetts

72,606

21

North Dakota

52,356

17

Michigan

53,803

22

Arizona

51,865

11

Minnesota

58,007

23

Hawaii

50,977

50

Mississippi

39,762

24

North Carolina

50,756

29

Missouri

49,053

25

Ohio

50,573

48

Montana

43,407

26

Tennessee

50,450

41

Nebraska

46,262

27

Florida

50,094

28

Nevada

50,041

28

Nevada

50,041

14

New Hampshire

56,782

29

Missouri

49,053

6

New Jersey

6,5,727

30

Wisconsin

48,872

44

New Mexico

45,167

31

Utah

48,513

1

New York

72,900

32

Louisiana

48,116

24

North Carolina

50,756

33

Wyoming

48,059

21

North Dakota

52,356

34

Vermont

47,640

25

Ohio

50,573

35

Indiana

47,590

38

Oklahoma

46,727

36

Iowa

47,511

20

Oregon

53,053

37

Alabama

47,414

16

Pennsylvania

55,628

38

Oklahoma

46,727

18

Rhode Island

53,736

39

Kansas

46,607

45

South Carolina

44,729

40

Kentucky

46,302

47

South Dakota

43,694

41

Nebraska

46,262

26

Tennessee

50,450

42

West Virginia

46,120

12

Texas

57,747

43

Maine

45,370

31

Utah

48,513

44

New Mexico

45,167

34

Vermont

47,640

45

South Carolina

44,729

10

Virginia

58,239

46

Arkansas

43,950

5

Washington

66,119

47

South Dakota

43,694

42

West Virginia

46,120

48

Montana

43,407

30

Wisconsin

48,872

49

Idaho

42,882

33

Wyoming

48,059

50

Mississippi

39,762

District of Columbia

95,909

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics “Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages” (https://www.bls.gov/cew/data.htm)

*Computed by dividing total annual wages of employees covered by unemployment insurance programs by the average monthly number of these employees. Includes bonuses, cash value of meals and lodging, tips, and, in many states, employer contributions to certain deferred compensation plans such as 401(k) plans.

Percent Change in Average Annual Pay: 2017 to 2018
National Percent Change = 3.4% Increase*

ALPHA ORDER

RANK ORDER

RANK

STATE

PERCENT CHANGE

RANK

STATE

PERCENT CHANGE

28

Alabama

3.1

1

Washington

6.6

13

Alaska

3.6

2

West Virginia

6.2

20

Arizona

3.4

3

Utah

4.2

46

Arkansas

2.3

4

North Dakota

4.1

5

California

4.0

5

California

4.0

13

Colorado

3.6

5

Nevada

4.0

48

Connecticut

1.7

7

Wyoming

3.9

47

Delaware

1.8

8

Massachusetts

3.8

20

Florida

3.4

8

North Carolina

3.8

42

Georgia

2.5

8

Oregon

3.8

39

Hawaii

2.6

11

Idaho

3.7

11

Idaho

3.7

11

New Mexico

3.7

20

Illinois

3.4

13

Alaska

3.6

34

Indiana

3.0

13

Colorado

3.6

28

Iowa

3.1

13

Missouri

3.6

23

Kansas

3.3

13

Oklahoma

3.6

42

Kentucky

2.5

17

Louisiana

3.5

17

Louisiana

3.5

17

Texas

3.5

23

Maine

3.3

17

Wisconsin

3.5

39

Maryland

2.6

20

Arizona

3.4

8

Massachusetts

3.8

20

Florida

3.4

42

Michigan

2.5

20

Illinois

3.4

23

Minnesota

3.3

23

Kansas

3.3

42

Mississippi

2.5

23

Maine

3.3

13

Missouri

3.6

23

Minnesota

3.3

27

Montana

3.2

23

Tennessee

3.3

28

Nebraska

3.1

27

Montana

3.2

35

Nevada

4.0

28

Alabama

3.1

34

New Hampshire

3.0

28

Iowa

3.1

39

New Jersey

2.6

28

Nebraska

3.1

11

New Mexico

3.7

28

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