In a truly contemporary analysis of Moscow's relations with its neighbors and other strategic international actors, Gvosdev and Marsh use a comprehensive vectors approach, dividing the world into eight geographic zones. Each vector chapter looks at the dynamics of key bilateral relationships while highlighting major topical issues—oil and energy, defense policy, economic policy, the role of international institutions, and the impact of major interest groups or influencers—demonstrating that Russia formulates multiple, sometimes contrasting, foreign policies. Providing rich historical context as well as exposure to the scholarly literature, the authors offer an incisive look at how and why Russia partners with some states while it counter-balances others.



On February 12, 2013, Russian president Vladimir Putin signed the fourth iteration of the Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation.1 After the initial draft was presented to him in November 2012, it underwent a review process within the presidential administration, with Putin and his staff making comments on the draft document. In addition, the document was revised to take into account changes in the world situation, particularly in the U.S.–Russia relationship, before a final version was presented for his signature.2

This strategic framework for guiding how Russia conducts its foreign relations continues the evolution of Russian policy away from coping with the aftermath of the Soviet collapse more than two decades ago toward a more forward-looking agenda for the country in the global environment ...

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