Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1816; under military regimes 1966–1973 and 1976–1983; current constitution adopted August 22, 1994.
Area: 1,068,013 sq. mi. (2,766,889 sq. km), excluding territory claimed in Antarctica and the South Atlantic.
Population: 45,195,774 (2020E—United Nations); 45,068,212 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): BUENOS AIRES (15,154,000), Córdoba (1,572,000), Rosario (1,350,475), Mendoza (1,173,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Argentine Peso (market rate September 30, 2020: 80.00 pesos = $1US).
President: Alberto FERNÁNDEZ (Justicialist Party—Victory Front); elected on October 27, 2019, and inaugurated for a four-year term on December 10, 2019, succeeding Mauricio MACRI (Republican Proposal).
Vice President: Cristina FERNÁNDEZ de Kirchner (Justicialist Party—Victory Front); elected on October 27, 2019, and inaugurated for a term concurrent with that of the president on December 10, 2019, succeeding Marta Gabriela MICHETTI Illia ...