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Republic of Zambia

Political Status: Independent republic within the Commonwealth since October 24, 1964; under one-party, presidential-parliamentary system from 1972 to adoption of multiparty constitution on August 29, 1991.

Area: 290,584 sq. mi. (752,614 sq. km).

Population: 18,383,900 (2020E—World Bank); 17,426,623 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2020E—UN): LUSAKA (2,774,000, metropolitan area).

Official Language: English.

Monetary Unit: Kwacha (official rate September 30, 2020: 20.00 kwachas = $1US). On January 1, 2013, the Zambian kwacha was revalued, with 1 new kwacha equal to 1,000 of the old kwachas.

President: Edgar LUNGU (Patriotic Front); elected on January 20, 2015, and sworn in on January 25 to succeed Guy SCOTT (Patriotic Front), the former vice president, who became acting president after the death of Michael SATA (Patriotic Front) on October 28, 2014 (see Government and politics, ...

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