Republic of Uzbekistan
Political Status: Eastern portion of Turkistan Soviet Socialist Republic detached on October 27, 1924, to form Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR); became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on May 12, 1925; declared independence as Republic of Uzbekistan on August 31, 1991; present constitution adopted on December 8, 1992.
Area: 172,740 sq. mi. (447,400 sq. km).
Population: 33,616,000 (2020E—World Bank); 33,469,203 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2019E—UN): TASHKENT (2,517,000), Namangan (529,000), Andijan (323,900), Samarkand (519,231).
Official Language: Uzbek. Russian remains the principal everyday language.
Monetary Unit: Uzbekistani som (market rate September 30, 2020: 10,310.00 som = $1US).
President: Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (MIRZIYAYEV) (Liberal Democratic Party); elected as acting president by the Supreme Assembly on September 8, 2016, to ...