Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since August 31, 1962; republican constitution adopted August 1, 1976.
Area: 1,980 sq. mi. (5,128 sq. km), of which Trinidad encompasses 1,864 sq. mi. (4,828 sq. km) and Tobago 116 sq. mi. (300 sq. km).
Population: 1,394,973 (2020E—World Bank); 1,400,436 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018E—UN): PORT-OF-SPAIN (49,031), CHAGUANAS (67,433).
Official Language: English. On September 1, 2005, the government announced that Spanish would be adopted as an official language by 2020 to permit Trinidadians to compete more effectively in regional markets.
Monetary Unit: Trinidadian Dollar (market rate September 30, 2020: 6.76 dollars = $1US).
President: Paula-Mae WEEKS (ind.); elected unopposed by Parliament to a five-year term on January 19, 2018, and inaugurated on March 18; succeeding Anthony Thomas Aquinas CARMONA ...