Kingdom of Tonga
Fakatu’i ‘o Tonga
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy; independent within the Commonwealth since June 4, 1970.
Area: 289 sq. mi. (748 sq. km).
Population: 101,000 (2019 World Bank); 106,270 (2019—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2014E—UN): NUKU’ALOFA (25,000).
Official Languages: Tongan, English.
Monetary Unit: Pa’anga (official rate September 30, 2020: 2.23 pa’anga = $1US).
Head of State: King TUPOU VI; succeeded to the throne following the death of his brother, King SIAOSI (GEORGE) TUPOU V, on March 18, 2012.
Crown Prince (Heir to the Throne): TUPOUTOU’A ‘ULUKALALA (eldest son of the king).
Prime Minister: Pōhiva TU’I’ONETOA (People’s Party); appointed (upon the recommendation of the Legislative Assembly) by the king on October 8, 2019, to succeed Semisi SIKA, who served on an interim basis following the death of ‘Akilisi POHIVA (Democratic Party of the Friendly ...