Republic of Togo
Political Status: Independent republic since 1960; personal military rule imposed in 1967; one-party state established November 29, 1969; Third Republic proclaimed on January 13, 1980, under constitution adopted in referendum of December 30, 1979; constitution suspended by a National Conference on July 16, 1991; multiparty constitution adopted by popular referendum on September 27, 1992.
Area: 21,622 sq. mi. (56,000 sq. km).
Population: 8,401,000 (2020E—World Bank); 8,608,444 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2015E—UN): LOMÉ (956,000).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate September 30, 2020: 556.00 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.93 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBÉ (Union for the Republic, originally elected from the Rally of the ...