Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Political Status: Independent republic established May 20, 2002; constitution approved by Constituent Assembly on March 22, 2002.

Area: 5,641 sq. mi. (14,609 sq. km).

Population: 1,329,000 (2020 World Bank); 1,383,723 (2020—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2018—World Population Review): DILI (234,000).

Official Languages: Portuguese, Tetum. A majority of Timorese are fluent in Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay); both it and English are “working languages.”

Monetary Unit: U.S. Dollar (see U.S. entry for principal exchange rates).

President: Francisco GUTERRES “Lu-Olo” (Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor); elected by popular vote on March 20, 2017, and sworn in for a five-year term on May 20, succeeding José Maria VASCONCELOS “Taur Matan RUAK” (People’s Liberation Party).

Prime Minister: José Maria VASCONCELOS “Taur Matan RUAK” (People’s Liberation Party); appointed ...

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