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Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah al-Saudiyah

Political-Status: Unified kingdom established September 23, 1932; under absolute monarchical system; Basic Law of Government based on Islamic law promulgated by royal decree on March 1, 1992.

Area: 829,995 sq. mi. (2,149,690 sq. km).

Population: 34,764,000 (2020E—World Bank); 34,173,690 (2020E—U.S. Census). Foreign nationals constitute approximately one quarter of both figures.

Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): RIYADH (royal capital, 4,205,961), Jiddah (administrative capital, 2,867,446), Makkah (Mecca, 1,323,624), Medina (1,300,000), Sultanah (946,697), Damman (768,602).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Riyal (market rate September 30, 2020: 3.75 riyals = $1US).

Ruler and Prime Minister: King Salman bin Abdulaziz al-SAUD; confirmed on January 23, 2015, by the royal court upon the death of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-SAUD.

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz al-SAUD; appointed ...

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