São Tomé and Príncipe
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Political Status: Achieved independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975; constitution of November 5, 1975, revised in December 1982, October 1987, August 1990, and March 2003; currently under multiparty mixed presidential-parliamentary system.
Area: 387 sq. mi. (1,001 sq. km).
Population: 215,056 (2020E—World Bank); 211,122 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018E—UN): SÃO TOMÉ (80,000).
Official Language: Portuguese.
[Page 1421]Monetary Unit: Dobra (market rate September 30, 2020: 21.06 dobras = $1US). Due to inflation, the dobra was redenominated on January 1, 2018, by the central bank at rate of 1,000 to 1.
President: Evaristo CARVALHO (Independent Democratic Action); directly elected in runoff balloting on August 7, 2016, and sworn in for a five-year term on September 3, succeeding Manuel PINTO DA ...