Independent State of Samoa
Sa ‘oloto Tuto ‘atasi o Samoa
Note: There is considerable confusion regarding Samoan proper names, the initial component being generally accorded benchmark status and, with some exceptions, utilized herein as such.
Political Status: Gained independence (as Western Samoa) on January 1, 1962; member of the Commonwealth since 1970; current name adopted in 1997; under mixed political system approximating a constitutional monarchy.
Area: 1,089 sq. mi. (2,821 sq. km).
Population: 203,000 (2020 World Bank); 203,774 (2020—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018—World Population Review): APIA (38,000).
Official Languages: English, Samoan.
Monetary Unit: Tala (market rate September 30, 2020: 2.55 tala = $1US).
Head of State: Afioga Tuimalealiifano Va’aletoa SUALAUVI II; elected by the Legislative Assembly and installed for a five-year term on July 21, 2017, succeeding Tui Atua TUPUA Tamasese Taisi Efi.