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Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Gau Hedinarai ai Papua-Matamata Guinea (Hari-Motu)
Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin)

Note: The literal translation of Gau Hedinarai is “entity of the people”; hence the official title in Hari-Motu could be “Republic of Papua New Guinea.”

Political Status: Former Australian-administered territory; achieved internal self-government on December 1, 1973, and full independence within the Commonwealth on September 16, 1975, under constitution of August 15.

Area: 178,259 sq. mi. (461,691 sq. km).

Population: 8,781,000 (2020E—World Bank); 7,259,456 (2020—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2015E): PORT MORESBY (metropolitan area, 345,000), Lae (78,038), Mt Hagen (27,789).

Official Languages: English, Tok Pisin, Hari-Motu.

Monetary Unit: Kina (market rate September 30, 2020: 3.40 kina = $1US).

Sovereign: Queen ELIZABETH II.

Governor General: Sir Robert “Bob” DADAE; elected by the National Parliament on February 1, 2017, ...

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