Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal

Political Status: Independent monarchy established 1769; limited constitutional system promulgated December 16, 1962; constitutional monarchy proclaimed under constitution of November 9, 1990; interim constitution promulgated January 15, 2007, changing country’s official name from Kingdom of Nepal to State of Nepal; monarchy formally ended and federal democratic republic proclaimed May 28, 2008, by a Constituent Assembly; new constitution approved on September 20, 2015.

Area: 56,826 sq. mi. (147,181 sq. km).

Population: 28,827,000 (2020E—World Bank); 30,327,877 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): KATHMANDU (1,442,000).

Official Language: Nepali.

Monetary Unit: Nepalese Rupee (market rate September 30, 2020: 117.65 rupees = $1US).

President: Bidhya Devi BHANDARI (Nepal Communist Party, formerly Communist Party of Nepal [Unified Marxist-Leninist]); elected by parliament on October 29, 2015, succeeding Ram Baran YADAV (Nepali ...

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