Republic of Mozambique
República de Moçambique
Political Status: Former Portuguese dependency; became independent as the People’s Republic of Mozambique on June 25, 1975; present name adopted in constitution that came into effect on November 30, 1990.
Area: 309,494 sq. mi. (801,590 sq. km).
Population: 31,993,000 (2020E—World Bank); 30,098,197 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): MAPUTO (1,203,000, urban area).
Official Language: Portuguese (a number of African languages are also spoken).
Monetary Unit: Metical (market rate September 30, 2020: 71.40 new meticals = $1US). The “new metical” was introduced in 2006 at the rate of 1 new metical = 1,000 old meticals.
President: Filipe NYUSI (Mozambique Liberation Front); elected on October 15, 2014, and inaugurated on January 15, 2014, to succeed Armando Emilio GUEBUZA (Mozambique Liberation Front); reelected on October 15, 2019, and sworn in ...