Political Status: Independent since 1921; Communist People’s Republic established November 26, 1924; multi-party system introduced by constitutional amendment of May 11, 1990; current constitution adopted January 13, 1992, in effect from February 12.
Area: 604,247 sq. mi. (1,565,000 sq. km).
Population: 3,076,000 (2020E—World Bank); 3,168,026 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2017E—UN): ULAANBAATAR (Ulan Bator, 1,040,000), Darkhan (100,500), Erdenet (95,000).
Monetary Unit: Tugrik (market rate September 30, 2020: 2,854.07 tugriks = $1US).
Official Language: Khalkha Mongol.
President: Khaltmaa BATTULGA (Democratic Party); popularly elected in second round balloting on July 7, 2017, and sworn in on July 10 for a four-year term to succeed Tsakhiagiyn ELBEGDORJ (Democratic Party).
Prime Minister: Ukhnaa KHURELSUKH (Mongolian People’s Party); elected by the legislature on October 4, 2017, to succeed Jargaltulga ERDENEBAT (Mongolian People’s Party), who was dismissed ...