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Monaco

Principality of Monaco
Principauté de Monaco

Political Status: Independent principality founded in the 13th century; constitutional monarchy since 1911; present constitution promulgated December 17, 1962 (amended in April 2002).

Area: 0.70 sq. mi. (1.81 sq. km).

Population: 38,000 (2020E—World Bank); 30,825 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2019E): MONACO-VILLE (1,034).

Official Language: French.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US). Although not a member of the European Union (EU), Monaco was authorized by the EU to adopt the euro as its official currency and mint a limited supply of Monégasque euro coins.

Sovereign: Prince ALBERT II; acceded to the throne April 6, 2005, following the death of his father, Prince RAINIER III; formally installed in two-part process on July 12 and November 19, 2005.

Heir Presumptive: Hereditary Prince JACQUES.

Minister of ...

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