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United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1810; present federal constitution adopted February 5, 1917.

Area: 761,600 sq. mi. (1,972,544 sq. km).

Population: 135,957,811 (2020E—UN); 128,650,000 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2020E—UN): MEXICO CITY (Federal District, 21,782,000), Guadalajara (5,179,000), Monterrey (4,874,000), Puebla (3,195,000), Tijuana (2,140,000), León de los Aldamas (1,845,000), Ciudad Juárez (1,519,000), Mexicali (1,121,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: New Peso (market rate September 30, 2020: 22.34 pesos = $1US).

President: Andrés Manuel LÓPEZ OBRADOR (National Regeneration Movement); elected July 1, 2018, and sworn in for a six-year term, along with a new government on December 1, succeeding Enrique PEÑA Nieto (Institutional Revolutionary Party).

The Country

Extending southeastward from the U.S. border to the jungles of Yucatán and Guatemala, Mexico ranks third in size and second in population among North ...

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