Republic of Malawi
Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since 1964; republic under one-party presidential rule established July 6, 1966; constitution amended on June 22, 1993, to provide for multiparty activity following national referendum of June 15; new constitution enacted provisionally as of May 16, 1994, and adopted permanently (as amended) on May 18, 1995.
Area: 45,747 sq. mi. (118,484 sq. km).
Population: 20,289,000 (2019E—UN); 20,509,317 (2019E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2020E—World Population Review): LILONGWE (646,750), Blantyre (584,877).
Official Language: English. (Chichewa is classified as a national language.)
Monetary Unit: Kwacha (market rate September 30, 2020: 1,813.00 kwacha = $1US).
President: Peter MUTHARIKA (Democratic Progressive Party); popularly elected on May 20, 2014, and sworn in on May 31 to succeed Joyce BANDA (People’s Party); reelected on May 21, 2019, and sworn ...