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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Grousherzogdem Lëzebuerg (Letzeburgish)

Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)

Grossherzogtum Luxemburg (German)

Political Status: Constitutional monarchy, fully independent since 1867; in economic union with Belgium since 1922.

Area: 998 sq. mi. (2,586 sq. km).

Population: 615,729 (2019E—UN); 617,000 (2019E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2019E—Government): LUXEMBOURG-VILLE (Lützelburg, 119,215), Esch-sur-Alzette (35382).

Official Language: Letzeburgish. As a rule, French is used for administrative purposes, and German for commerce.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US).

Sovereign: Grand Duke HENRI; ascended to the throne October 7, 2000, on the abdication of his father, Grand Duke JEAN.

Heir Apparent: Prince GUILLAUME, son of the grand duke; proclaimed by the grand duke on December 18, 2000.

President of the Government (Prime Minister): Xavier BETTEL (Democratic Party); appointed by the grand duke on October 25, 2013, following ...

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