Principality of Liechtenstein
Political Status: Independent principality constituted in 1719; current constitution promulgated October 5, 1921; established diplomatic association with Switzerland in 1919 and customs and currency association in 1923.
Area: 61.8 sq. mi. (160.475 sq. km).
Population: 37,900 (2019E—World Bank); 38,800 (2019E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2019E—Government): VADUZ (5,197), Schaan (5,748).
Official Language: German (Alemannic).
Monetary Unit: Swiss Franc (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.92 Swiss franc = $1US).
Sovereign: Prince HANS-ADAM von und zu Liechtenstein II; assumed the executive authority of the sovereign on August 26, 1984; acceded to the throne at the death of his father, Prince FRANZ JOSEF II, on November 13, 1989. (On August 15, 2004, Prince Hans-Adam turned over most day-to-day governmental responsibility to Hereditary Prince Alois.)
Heir Apparent: Crown Prince ALOIS von und zu Liechtenstein.