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Republic of Libya
al-Jumhuriyyah al-Libiyah

Political Status: Independent state since December 24, 1951; revolutionary republic declared September 1, 1969; name changed from Libyan Arab Republic to Libyan Arab People’s Republic in 1976; present name adopted March 2, 1977; interim draft constitution promulgated on August 3, 2011.

Area: 679,358 sq. mi. (1,759,540 sq. km).

Population: 6,644,000 (2020E—World Bank); 6,890,535 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2020E—World Population Review): TRIPOLI (1,150,989), Benghazi (650,629), Misurata (386,120). (The government relocated to Bayda [Beida] in June 2014 and the House of Representatives relocated to Tobruk, about 700 miles east of Tripoli near the border with Egypt in August 2014.)

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate September 30, 2020: 1.37 dinar = $1US).

Prime Minister: Fayez el-SARRAJ (party affiliation disputed); appointed prime minister of the Government of National ...

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