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Republic of Latvia
Latvijas Republika

Political Status: Absorption of independent state by the Soviet Union on August 5, 1940, repudiated by the Latvian Supreme Council on May 4, 1990; resumption of full sovereignty declared August 21, 1991, and accepted by USSR State Council on September 6.

Area: 24,938 sq. mi. (64,589 sq. km).

Population: 1,925,000 (2020—World Bank); 1,881,232 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2019E—UN): RIGA (632,000), Daugavpils (85,000).

Official Language: Latvian.

Monetary Unit: Euro (official rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US). Following its accession to the European Union in 2004, Latvia adopted the euro as its national currency on January 1, 2014.

President: Egils LEVITS (National Alliance); elected by the Saeima on May 29, 2019, and sworn in for a four-year term on July 8, succeeding Raimonds VĒJONIS (Green’s and ...

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