Republic of Kiribati
Political Status: Formerly the Gilbert Islands; became a British protectorate in 1892; annexed as the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony in 1915, the Ellice Islands becoming independent as the state of Tuvalu in 1978; present name adopted upon becoming an independent member of the Commonwealth on July 12, 1979.
Area: 313 sq. mi. (811 sq. km).
Population: 119,000 (2020E—World Bank); 111,796 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): BAIRIKI (4,000).
Official Language: I-Kiribati (Gilbertese); English is also widely spoken.
Monetary Unit: Australian Dollar (market rate September 30, 2020: 1.41 Australian dollar = $1US). The British Pound is also in circulation.
President: Taneti MAMAU (Tobwaan Kiribati Party); popularly elected on March 9, 2016, and sworn in for four-year term on March 11, succeeding Anote TONG (Boutokaan te Koaua); reelected on ...